Volvo Truck LV75 - 1930


Even if trucks with a bonnet covering the engine in front of the cab are called 'Conventional' trucks in e.g. the USA, the truck with the engine placed under the cab/seat has always been an natural alternative (in fact the first truck in the world of 1896 was a truck of this type, with the driver´s seat placed over the engine).

Moving the engine, removing the bonnet
In the early 1930´s with increasing number of trucks using the fairly bad European roads of the day, the permitted axle pressures had to be rather limited due to the severe demands put on the road system. The problem of creating a more even axle load between the axles of a truck, with the engine placed over the front wheels and the cab behind the engine, helped the development of F-trucks, i.e. without a bonnet in front of the cab.

Volvo was interested in using this basic principle and as a result of this the LV75 was presented and introduced at the Amsterdam Motor Show in Holland early in 1933. The LV75 soon became a rather popular truck for special applications like garbage transport. Its most common use, however, was as a chassis used for light- to medium-duty buses in rural traffic.

Fitting the chassis and front axles
The design of the LV75 was made in a fashion which sounds very much like the design method of the 1990´s, i.e. as a 'family concept'. In general, the chassis was identical to the LV74 truck, i.e. with a side-valve petrol engine of 65 bhp. To compensate for the increased share of the GVW being over the front axle, however, the designers chose to use the front axle from the heavy-duty LV68-series of trucks.

The LV75-series trucks, however, was bound to become a single example of series produced, up unto Volvo F-trucks in the mid-1950´s. When it came to buses, however, the fashion soon changed. The Volvo buses from 1935 on normally featured an engine which was placed in or under the bus body.